state n. vt.
【例】For the century before Johnson’s Dictionary was published in 1775 there had been concern about the state of the English language.
【例】In the 19th century, new, specialised, professional societies were instituted to promote and publish in the new disciplines.
【例】An early scientific journal fostered a new kind of writing based on short descriptions of specific experiments.
【例】Extinct species are being replaced by new species.
【例】In both cases the critical day length differs from species to species.
【例】Different groups of researchers attacked different problems, from speech recognition to chess playing, in different ways.
claim n. vt.
【例】Across Europe similar academies and societies arose, creating new national traditions of science.
【例】There is plenty of scientific evidence to support photoperiodism.
major n. adj. vi.
【例】Grime (1966) suggests that light may be one of the major components directing these adaptations.